Divisions or programs of the court that accept and file actions, petitions, motions or other applications from the public for the purpose of obtaining a ruling or order directing some action in favour of the applicant. Court filings are generally completed by a lawyer on behalf of a client, though some jurisdictions may permit (but not recommend) filing by clients on their own behalf.
Programs that approve applications for the release of individuals who have been indicted for a crime prior to their trial date and allow them to return to their homes while awaiting their scheduled appearance in court. Options include release on the individual's own recognizance, release on non-financial conditions that require monitoring the defendant in the community, setting bail in the form of property, cash, or surety that the defendant must post in order to be released or ordering the defendant retained in confinement without bail (which occurs when the individual is considered a flight risk or a danger to the community).
Programs that are part of the provincial or federal judicial system that are responsible for prosecuting, in the name of the government, individuals who have been accused of an offence.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.